Tanzania is one of Africa’s brightest shining lights. A peaceful nation, political stability, no tribalism,security, warm and welcoming people, one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, and a commitment to conservation (26% of the nation’s land surface is in protected areas) are some of the ingredients to what makes Tanzania successful. Situated at the heart of East Africa, Tanzania has approximately 800 kilometers of tropical coast line and is bordered by Kenya, Zambia, Malawi, Congo and Burundi. No other country in Africa has such a concentration of globally important biodiversity contained within its borders.
Tanzania, the largest country in East Africa, includes the spice islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia and contains Africa's highest point—Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet). Kilimanjaro, a dormant volcano, is snowcapped even though it is near the Equator. The African population consists of more than 120 ethnic groups. Tanganyika, a British-controlled UN trust territory, gained independence in 1961; and Zanzibar, a British protectorate with an Arab population, became independent in 1963. Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form Tanzania in 1964. Until resigning as president in 1985, independence leader Julius K. Nyerere guided two decades of socialism—adapted to the ujamaa policy of village farming.
A multiparty system was established in 1992 after a constitutional amendment. Some 80 percent of Tanzanians farm or fish at subsistence levels; in many areas tse-tse fly infestation hampers successful animal husbandry. The Ngorongoro Crater and Serengeti National Park are rich in wildlife. Tourism remains VERY important. Dar es Salaam is the administrative capital, but Dodoma is the designated future capital and current home to Tanzania's legislature.
Tanzania has it all- from the world’s greatest wildlife spectacle in the Serengeti ecosystem to the largest herds of wildlife in Africa in the Selous to the peak of Africa.